SUMMARY An Uncertain Glory î PDF eBook or Kindle ePUB

SUMMARY An Uncertain Glory

SUMMARY An Uncertain Glory î PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB à [BOOKS] ✫ An Uncertain Glory ✭ Jean Drèze – When India became independent in 1947 after two centuries of colonial rule it immediately adopted a firmly democratic political system with multiple parties freedom of speech and extensivN contrast with the Asian approach of simultaneous pursuit of economic growth and human development as pioneered by Japan South Korea and China In a democratic system which India has great reason to value addressing these failures reuires not only significant policy rethinking by the government but also a clearer public understanding of the abysmal extent of social and economic deprivations in the country The deep ineualities in Indian society tend to constrict public discussion confining it largely to the lives and concerns of the relatively affluent Dreze and Sen present a powerful analysis of these deprivations and ineualities as well as the possibility of change through democratic practi. Reading this book is like looking at the boil on your back with a mirror the itchy and painful presence of which you always knew but were devastated nonetheless when you saw yourself the rot and spreadSigh

FREE READ ☆ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB î Jean Drèze

Argue that the country's main problems lie in the lack of attention paid to the essential needs of the people especially of the poor and often of women There have been major failures both to foster participatory growth and to make good use of the public resources generated by economic growth to enhance people's living conditions There is also a continued inadeuacy of social services such as schooling and medical care as well as of physical services such as safe water electricity drainage transportation and sanitation In the long run even the feasibility of high economic growth is threatened by the underdevelopment of social and physical infrastructure and the neglect of human capabilities i. I think every Indian irrespective of their political inclination must definitely read this book Most Indians want India to be a economic powerhouse with high economic growth However this itself is an extremely warped perspective as no than a fifth of the country's population actually sees the benefits of this Should growth not be euitable As the authors explain there is a huge imbalance between economic growth and the slow progress in living standards think healthcare education public services such as PDSelectricity etc You don't need to look further than the coronavirus pandemic and the effects of the lockdown on Indians to see this skewed imbalance Written during UPA II the excoriating criticism still applies eight years on Aside a few states there are extreme imbalances and our HDI remains abysmal The authors use Amartya Sen's welfare economics and human capability approach and combine it with social justice environmental protection and an evidence based approach This makes for a great reading on what precisely ails India right nowHigher growth must be accompanied by demands for participatory growth say the authors and the resources created by it must be used to remedy the deplorable lack of public services and basic amenities that are holding India back Contrary to public perception the government's excessive spending is on ill thought out subsidies rather than on public services like healthcare There needs to be a rethinking of where our budgets are going and who they are serving SimpleDespite the authors being a little too appreciative of MNREGA and the like for obvious reasons I think even those programmes can be reformed or salvaged in one way or the other I wonder how they would feel about UBI which has gained large traction these past few yearsThis is sure to become a classic on development economics in India and is a must read for anyone who cares about the state of India's people and want to know how to make them better

Jean Drèze î 6 SUMMARY

An Uncertain GloryWhen India became independent in after two centuries of colonial rule it immediately adopted a firmly democratic political system with multiple parties freedom of speech and extensive political rights The famines of the British era disappeared and steady economic growth replaced the economic stagnation of the Raj The growth of the Indian economy uickened further over the last three decades and became the second fastest among An Uncertain PDFEPUBlarge economies Despite a recent dip it is still one of the highest in the world Maintaining rapid as well as environmentally sustainable growth remains an important and achievable goal for India In An Uncertain Glory two of India's leading economists. I wish this was one of a series of books written on many many countries I would love to read books just like this one on Brazil China Iran Argentina Japan Germany and Nigeria I feel I know so little about so many countries and really do wish I knew But I would particularly like a way to choose books that makes it clear how the country’s history has impacted upon it present how public policy choices have shaped various economic and social particularities of these nations and which pathways might help in addressing long standing issues for the nation – although I would want to make sure I don’t come away feeling that I have been given a one sided account and one that hides than it reveals For instance who would trust a book on the history of Palestine written by an Israeli And that is just an extreme example often the biases authors have are precisely what they spend the most time trying to hideI’m keen to learn about India – I’ve started reading ‘Inglorious Empire What the British Did to India’ immediately after this – but I’m so glad I’ve begun with this one It presents many of the problems India faces you know poverty environmental catastrophe illiteracy women’s rights and violence against women ineuality and the media focus on the upper middle class as if they were the ‘average Indian’ and the conseuences of this The book is referenced to within an inch of its life with government and international statistical indicators and often the authors appear to go out of their way to present what I take to be an even handed account of the issues they are discussing Now a cold shiver always goes down my spine when I say something like that As I said at the start of this review a large part of the reason for me reading this book is my remarkable and near complete ignorance of India so for me to say someone is even handed in their account of something I know next to nothing about well it all smacks a bit of the Dunning Kruger effect where I get to be confident only when I know next to nothing about the subject at hand and just a little knowledge directly diminishes all of my confidenceThe main advantage that is presented about India is that it is the world’s largest democracy But what I found particularly interesting about this is that the authors while clearly very proud of this fact pointed out the many problems that India continues to face and which other nations such as socialist ones – the Soviet Union China – or Imperial ones Japan were able to overcome or even avoid because they were not democratic The most striking of such problems discussed here are literacy economic euity and health care India has witnessed some remarkable economic growth rates over recent decades and yet the benefits of this economic growth have been grossly uneven in their distribution The authors refer to India as being appropriately characterised as consisting of economic regions that most resemble sub Saharan Africa with interspersed pockets of California In terms of literacy while Japan the Soviet Union and China achieved truly stunning transformations of their populations from illiterate to literate I had no idea Japan at the start of the 20th century was printing books than the UK for instance – the Indian caste and class systems are presented here as having been terrified of the changes that might be wrought if too many from the lower classes were educated The effective policy position has amounted to keeping large proportions of the population illiterate although this have never actually been the openly stated policy – the inexcusable is rarely stated uite so boldly as this but illiteracy continues to plague the sub continent and is attributed as being a major reason why nations such as Bangladesh or Nepal have caught up and even surpassed India on so many indicatorsTo me the issues associated with health care in India can be summed up in perhaps one phrase – there are people in India who are in power and are arguing that the nation should adopt a health system based on that of the US It would be nearly impossible to think of a obvious example of a democracy dominated by the rich and powerful than is so elouently expressed in that one policy position at one point in the book they discuss a movement that originated from companies to replace school lunches – where children are given food – with school lunches of biscuits – ie not food This is a pretty elouent example of the same problem The only time the US health system could ever be useful as an example would be if you were arguing ‘what should you only ever do if you hate the majority of your population enough to be prepared to sit back and watch them die from preventable illnesses’ The only thing stupid would be for a nation to seek to emulate the second amendment – give lots of privileged but socially disconnected white boys machine guns so they can mow down ever greater numbers of their school friends Presumably one reason this doesn’t happen is that the rich in India can’t find a way to make lots and lots of money out of it in the same ways the rich in the US can make money out of the death of their childrenThis book certainly does not present the or even a situation to India’s problems nor of the future as being devoid of hope although like the rest of the world India is using its resources by the metre where sustainable usage would dictate using them by the centimetre and this is made all the worse by the fact that too those who face the immediate costs of the degradation of the natural environment and virtually every other policy positioning are certainly not the ones who benefit from intensifying that degradation Finding ways to increase access to democracy in this the world’s largest democracy and ultimately this is framed in terms of literacy and other forms of public sphere engagement are mostly proposed as the key ways to overcoming the existing issues and problems the nation faces Nevertheless the sense of urgency is perhaps not as keenly felt as it needs to be But look that’s just me speaking someone terrified we are watching the world die as we all of us rush it towards its fateI can’t pretend to be happy that India has nuclear weapons but then the idea that Trump has his finger on the button that ends all life hasn’t particularly improved my ability to sleep at night either The danger as always is that a nation having such a weapon appeals to its jingoism while further distracting the poor from addressing the real issues that keep them in their povertyLike I said I really liked this book – and I wish I could get my hands on a series of them and they could do what this one did in regard to many countries The internet and globalisation could have should have made us all so much aware of what occurs in other countries but mostly all we really see are shows of the spectacular but meaningless presented to us so out of context historical and economic that we have little to no idea of what it was we just saw anyway The result is that we in the West and I’m going to speak for the reader of this review as well as myself unless you are from India think of India as a place where people spend all of their time either throwing multi coloured powder at each other or where and I’ve been told this by Westerners who have been there even the dirt poor are so intensely spiritual that they barely notice their own poverty This book goes some why to making it clear neither of these visions of India are sustainable