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Bloodlands Europe Between Hitler and Stalin Read & Download ò 0 Ñ [Read] ➪ Bloodlands Europe Between Hitler and Stalin Author Timothy Snyder – Helpyouantib.co.uk Americans call the Second World War “The Good War” But before it even began America’s wartime ally Josef Stalin had killed millions of hisUrred between Germany and Russia when Hitler and Stalin both held power Assiduously researched deeply humane and utterly definitive Bloodlands will be reuired reading for anyone seeking to understand the central tragedy of modern historyFrom BooklistIf there is an explanation for the political killing perpetrated in eastern Europe in the s and s historian Snyder roots it in agriculture Stalin wanted to collectivize farmers Hitler wanted to eliminate them so Europe Between Hitler eBook #184 Germans could colonize the land The dictators wielded frightening power to advance such fantasies toward reality and the despots toted up about million corpses between them so stupefying a figur. History As Intention and ResponseHistory can be told in several ways as a textbook like seuence of events and dates; as a moral tale; as a story of the strong or of the weak; from the point of view of the victors or the vanuished; as an account of divine providence or satanic interference Snyder has a particularly engaging method of narrating history as intention and response to circumstances According to his title one could conceive his subject as the history of a specific geographical region namely Eastern Poland Ukraine and Belarus But this is merely the location of the action The real history in Bloodlands is stated in the subtitle namely the personal intentions of Hitler and Stalin and how these intentions were formed and interacted Events in Bloodlands are relevant only as they relate to these intentions Dates are relevant primarily to distinguish action and response The story is not one of conflict and victory or loss but of joint persecution by Hitler and Stalin of a victim population of Poles Slavs Jews and other ethnic groups It is this genre of purposeful historiography in which the centre of attention is the intended victims that makes the book highly readable and intellectually compellingAccording to Snyder the fundamental aims of both National Socialism and Soviet Communism were the same to control their own food supply The Germans by expanding eastward to acuire the most productive agricultural acreage in Europe The Russians by expanding westward into Poland and collectivising Soviet agriculture primarily to finance industrialisation through exports It is these intentions their mutual responses to the other and the interpretations by their subordinates that determine the trajectory of events from the end of WWI through the conclusion of WWII The central 'show' according to this view was never in Western Europe or Southeast Asia but in precisely that area for which both powers contended for agricultural land Snyder's Bloodlands It is here as well and only here that the full horror of both fascist and communist regimes can be appreciated The details of the military campaign as well as the 'formal' atrocities of Nazi concentration camps and the Soviet Gulag are important but in a sense obscure the wider and ultimate intentions to murder or displace the entire existing population of the region The millions who died and the millions who suffered were not 'collateral damage' incidental to war they were the point of the war on both sidesStalin's clear purpose in his agricultural policy of the early 1930's for example was not just to crush Ukrainian nationalism and to eliminate any residual Polish influence in the Western Soviet Union but also to replace its indigenous population by Russians German strategy was commensurate that is to liuidate or otherwise enslave the Slavic population of the same region and encourage the emigration of German farmers Stalin used starvation as his weapon of choice; Hitler his Einsatzgruppen Both were strategic necessities not incidental aberrations Both used substantial resources that appear wasted only if their strategic intent is ignored Moreover both leaders seriously risked their own positions to pursue these aims an indication of their centrality Ukrainian collectivisation was an obvious economic failure It was nevertheless pursued by Stalin until de population was largely achieved The Einsatzgruppen which carried out the bulk of the Nazi liuidations in occupied countries were opposed by the regular army as a militarily useless collection of thugs and psyc

Bloodlands Europe Between Hitler and StalinUrred between Germany and Russia when Hitler and Stalin both held power Assiduously researched deeply humane and utterly definitive Bloodlands will be reuired reading for anyone seeking to understand the central tragedy of modern historyFrom BooklistIf there is an explanation for the political killing perpetrated in eastern Europe in the s and s historian Snyder roots it in agriculture Stalin wanted to collectivize farmers Hitler wanted to eliminate them so Europe Between Hitler eBook #184 Germans could colonize the land The dictators wielded frightening power to advance such fantasies toward reality and the despots toted up about million corpses between them so stupefying a figur. History As Intention and ResponseHistory can be told in several ways as a textbook like seuence of events and dates; as a moral tale; as a story of the strong or of the weak; from the point of view of the victors or the vanuished; as an account of divine providence or satanic interference Snyder has a particularly engaging method of narrating history as intention and response to circumstances According to his title one could conceive his subject as the history of a specific geographical region namely Eastern Poland Ukraine and Belarus But this is merely the location of the action The real history in Bloodlands is stated in the subtitle namely the personal intentions of Hitler and Stalin and how these intentions were formed and interacted Events in Bloodlands are relevant only as they relate to these intentions Dates are relevant primarily to distinguish action and response The story is not one of conflict and victory or loss but of joint persecution by Hitler and Stalin of a victim population of Poles Slavs Jews and other ethnic groups It is this genre of purposeful historiography in which the centre of attention is the intended victims that makes the book highly readable and intellectually compellingAccording to Snyder the fundamental aims of both National Socialism and Soviet Communism were the same to control their own food supply The Germans by expanding eastward to acuire the most productive agricultural acreage in Europe The Russians by expanding westward into Poland and collectivising Soviet agriculture primarily to finance industrialisation through exports It is these intentions their mutual responses to the other and the interpretations by their subordinates that determine the trajectory of events from the end of WWI through the conclusion of WWII The central 'show' according to this view was never in Western Europe or Southeast Asia but in precisely that area for which both powers contended for agricultural land Snyder's Bloodlands It is here as well and only here that the full horror of both fascist and communist regimes can be appreciated The details of the military campaign as well as the 'formal' atrocities of Nazi concentration camps and the Soviet Gulag are important but in a sense obscure the wider and ultimate intentions to murder or displace the entire existing population of the region The millions who died and the millions who suffered were not 'collateral damage' incidental to war they were the point of the war on both sidesStalin's clear purpose in his agricultural policy of the early 1930's for example was not just to crush Ukrainian nationalism and to eliminate any residual Polish influence in the Western Soviet Union but also to replace its indigenous population by Russians German strategy was commensurate that is to liuidate or otherwise enslave the Slavic population of the same region and encourage the emigration of German farmers Stalin used starvation as his weapon of choice; Hitler his Einsatzgruppen Both were strategic necessities not incidental aberrations Both used substantial resources that appear wasted only if their strategic intent is ignored Moreover both leaders seriously risked their own positions to pursue these aims an indication of their centrality Ukrainian collectivisation was an obvious economic failure It was nevertheless pursued by Stalin until de population was largely achieved The Einsatzgruppen which carried out the bulk of the Nazi liuidations in occupied countries were opposed by the regular army as a militarily useless collection of thugs and psyc

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Bloodlands Europe Between Hitler and Stalin ↠ Americans call the Second World War Between Hitler Kindle #180 “The Good War” But before it even began America’s wartime ally Josef Stalin had killed millions of his own citizens and kept killing them during and after the war Before Hitler was finally defeated he had murdered six million Jews and nearly as many other Europeans At war’s end both the German and the Soviet killing sites fell behind the iron curtain leaving the history of mass killing in darknessBloodlands is a new kind of European history presenting the mass murders committed by Bloodlands Europe ePUB #10003 the Nazi and Stalinist regimes as two aspects of a single history in the time and place where they occ. First there are numbers 13788 at Polesie23600 at Kamiamets Podilskyi3739 prisoners at Starobilsk358 one night at Palmiry Forest2500 at Leningrad by October 19415500 by November50500 by December1000000 by the end of the Leningrad siege80000 at Stalag 30760000 at Stalag 31955000 at Stalag 32523000 at Stalag 316500000 Soviet prisoners in the General Government450 one night at Krzesawice12000 at Dnipropetrovsk386798 kulaks33761 at Babi Yar14 million in allNot soldiers in battle Just people in the wrong place Jews Poles Lithuanians BelarusiansThink of the 1 at the end of 33761 Timothy Snyder tells us insists Each of the living bore a nameEmmanuel Ringelblum who created archives in the Warsaw ghetto making its history possible and died betrayed Adam Czerniakow told to present 5000 Jews at a transfer point and certain mass death and killed himself insteadSofia Karpai a doctor who refused to yield under Stalin's tortureAnd Dina Pronicheva always Dina Pronicheva one person yet than a number who lived to tell of Babi YarAlong the way Violence is not confidence and terror is not masteryAnd Those German soldiers who saw the Treblinka transports knew if they wanted to know just what they were fighting forThere are people some even in the reviews on this site who argue which people suffered In a powerful closing chapter Snyder asks Can the dead really belong to anyone And he warns us What begins as competitive martyrology can end with martyrological imperialism We reflexively seem to need to see Hitler and Stalin as different from us that we could never do what they did that they are inhuman Careful Snyder says That Jews and non Aryans were sub human was Hitler's justification for murder To find other people to be inhuman Snyder writes is to take a step toward not away from the Nazi positionThe scholarship in this book is superb much taken from untranslated Polish sources And while the numbers sometimes read as lists and points are often repetitively and numbingly made Bloodlands is thought provoking and personal The Nazi and Soviet regimes turned people into numbers some of which we can only estimate some of which we can reconstruct with fair precision It is for us as scholars to seek these numbers and to put them into perspective It is for us as humanists to turn the numbers back into people If we cannot do that then Hitler and Stalin have shaped not only our world but our humanity Read & Download Ô PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Ý Timothy Snyder

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Timothy Snyder Ý 0 Read & Download E that Snyder sets himself three goals here to break down the number into the various actions of murder that comprise it from liuidation of the kulaks to the final solution to restore humanity to the victims via surviving testimony to their fates and to deny Hitler and Stalin any historical justification for their policies which at the time had legions of supporters and have some even today Such scope may render Snyder’s project too imposing to casual readers but it would engage those exposed to the period’s chronology and major interpretive issues such as the extent to which the Nazi and Soviet systems may be compared Solid and judicious scholarship for large WWII collections. Having read hundreds of books on World War II it's pretty rare to come across a book which covers a topic I'm not very familiar with However the subject of the Holocaust is one which I've avoided mostly because it's just too damn depressing and while this book covers a broader topic it's probably one I would have skipped in the past I'm glad I didn't skip this oneThe author defines the Bloodlands as the lands between pre war Nazi Germany and the western edge of the Russian Republic predominantly Poland Belarus the Baltic States and Ukraine I was unaware this book would not focus on the military actions and instead focus on the ordinary citizens in these areas as I had not read any reviews prior to starting this book I have to say this is one of the best books I've read in uite some time and the fact it covers a subject I've avoided has opened my mind to wanting to learn The author recounts how first Stalin and then Hitler undertook various programscampaigns against the Polish Belorussian Ukrainian and Baltic populaces as well as against those of the Jewish faith In a combined campaign of extermination over 14 million people were killed essentially because of where they lived what religion they practiced or if for some reason they were viewed as a threat Along the way author Snyder does a really good job of explaining the rationale behind the murderous schemes of Stalin and Hitler and how they fit into the grand plansideals of the Nazis and the Soviet Union Along the way the reader will encounter multiple personal vignettes about those who there many of whom did not survive The story is truly horrifying and the sheer numbers staggering yet Snyder has woven together an excellent narrative which doesn't get bogged down in either horror or numbers I'd recommend this book to anyone who wants to know the events in the Bloodlands from the late 1920's through the early 1950's it truly is an excellent read